- Julian Dodd
- Defending the Type/Token Theory I
- Object (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
- Navigation menu
- Complex Binary Number System: Algorithms and Circuits.
- The Cambridge Companion to Modern Spanish Culture (Cambridge Companions to Culture);
- Works by Linda Wetzel.
Plural Slot Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Russ Abbott - - Minds and Machines 29 2 Daniel Z. Korman - - Philosophical Studies 1 On Types and Words. Linda Wetzel - - Journal of Philosophical Research The Antinomy of the Variable. Aleksandar Kellenberg - - Dialectica 64 2 Ariadne at the Movies. John Dilworth - - Contemporary Aesthetics 1.
Review of Types and Tokens by Linda Wetzel. On Mentalese Orthography. Ruth G. Millikan - - In B. Dahlbom ed. Ontology and the Regulation of Intellectual Property. Get Citation Citation.
Defending the Type/Token Theory I
Get Permissions. Shim, W. Jiang, Y. Kanwisher, N. Types and tokens in the ventral visual pathway: The neural representation of multiple visual objects [Abstract]. View Metrics. Forgot password?
To View More Create an Account or Subscribe Now. There are three occurrences of the word type 'a,' two of 'is' and three of 'rose'. The need to distinguish tokens of types from occurrences of types arises, not just in linguistics, but whenever types of things have other types of things occurring in them.
Object (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
In typography , the type—token distinction is used to determine the presence of a text printed by movable type : . The defining criteria which a typographic print has to fulfill is that of the type identity of the various letter forms which make up the printed text. In other words: each letter form which appears in the text has to be shown as a particular instance "token" of one and the same type which contains a reverse image of the printed letter.
The word 'letters' was used three times in the above paragraph, each time in a different meaning. The word 'letters' is one of many words having "type—token ambiguity". This section disambiguates 'letters' by separating the three senses using terminology standard in logic today. The key distinctions were first made by the American logician-philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce in using terminology that he established.
- Type–token distinction;
- The Crow: The Third Book of Pellinor;
- Elections in Britain: A Voter’s Guide.
- Tree models of similarity and association.
- 2. Extension.
Peirce's type—token distinction , also applies to words, sentences, paragraphs, and so on: to anything in a universe of discourse of character-string theory, or concatenation theory. Some logicians consider a word type to be the class of its tokens.
- Streams of History: The New World?
- Reward Yourself!
- Arsip Blog?
Other logicians counter that the word type has a permanence and constancy not found in the class of its tokens. The type remains the same while the class of its tokens is continually gaining new members and losing old members. The word type 'letter' uses only four letter types: el, ee, tee, and ar. Nevertheless, it uses ee twice and tee twice.
Whenever a word type is inscribed, the number of letter tokens created equals the number of letter occurrences in the word type.
Peirce's original words are the following. There will ordinarily be about twenty 'thes' on a page, and, of course, they count as twenty words. In another sense of the word 'word,' however, there is but one word 'the' in the English language; and it is impossible that this word should lie visibly on a page, or be heard in any voice ….
Such a … Form, I propose to term a Type. A Single … Object … such as this or that word on a single line of a single page of a single copy of a book, I will venture to call a Token. In order that a Type may be used, it has to be embodied in a Token which shall be a sign of the Type, and thereby of the object the Type signifies.